Constructing Abelian varieties over Qbar not isogenous to a Jacobian
We discuss the following question of Nick Katz and Frans Oort: Given an Algebraically closed field K, is there an Abelian variety over K of dimension g which is not isogenous to a Jacobian? For K the complex numbers its easy to see that the answer is yes for g>3 using measure theory, but over a countable field like Qbar new methods are required. Building on work of Chai-Oort, we show that, as expected, such Abelian varieties exist for K=Qbar and g>3. We will explain the proof as well as its connection to the Andre Oort conjecture.