

JANUARY 2009 


Number Theory Seminar 
Topic: 
The subconvexity problem for GL_2 
Presenter: 
P. Michel, Lausanne 
Date: 
Thursday, January 29, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: IAS SH101 
Abstract: 
The subconvexity problem consist in providing nontrivial upper bounds for central values of $L$function. In recent years, this has been recognized as a central point to many arithmetic problems which could be related to the analytic theory of automorphic forms (like tha arithmetic quantum unique ergodicity conjecture or the study of representations of integers by ternary quadratic forms). In this talk we will describe the complete resolution (ie. uniformly wrt. all parameters) of this problem for GL_1 and GL_2 automorphic Lfunctions over a general number field. The main ingredients of the proof are
suitable representations of the central values in terms of adelic automorphic periods and the spectral decomposition of the later.
following works of Waldpurger and IchinoIkeda, the canonical expression of the corresponding local periods in terms of matrix coefficients to which the spectral gap may be applied
 the amplification method
If time permit we will also describe an application  explained to us by Andre Reznikov of this result to the study of the restriction of Maass forms of large Laplace eigenvalue along a fixed closed geodesic.
This is joint work with Akshay Venkatesh. 


FEBRUARY 2009 


Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
Global Existence for Nonlinear Dispersive Equation 
Presenter: 
Pierre Germain, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences 
Date: 
Monday, February 2, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 110 
Abstract: 
Starting from small data, when does a nonlinear dispersive PDE have global solutions? A classical approach, just like for ODE, is to study resonances. But I will show that for PDE a new kind of resonances arises, that I call space resonances. This is the basis of a new method, that I will present; I will also show how it applies to a variety of equations of Mathematical Physics: nonlinear Schrodinger, water waves, EulerMaxwell... This is joint work with Nader Masmoudi and Jalal Shatah." 


PACM Colloquium 
Topic: 
Systems Engineering for Water Management 
Presenter: 
Iven Mareels, Biomedical Engineering, University of Melbourne 
Date: 
Monday, February 2, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 
Abstract: 
It is estimated that we harvest and utilize about 65% of the readily available fresh water resources of the world. In general, perhaps because water is perceived as an abundantly available resource, we use water rather poorly. Typically less than half the water taken from the environment serves the objective for which it was intended. The UNESCO World Water reports 2003 and 2005 identify in no uncertain terms a water crisis.
In this lecture we provide an overview of a 10 year collaborative research and development effort, between the University of Melbourne and a local company Rubicon Systems Australia, and more recently with National ICT Australia.
The programme called Water Information Networks (WIN) is a systems engineering approach to water management in irrigation systems. Because irrigation accounts for 70% of the total water consumption, this is a logical place to start. The ultimate goal is to manage water at the level of an entire water catchment basin, accounting for surface and ground water and providing for the needs of all users, including the environment. WIN has developed a sensor/actuator network and a systems engineering approach to water management. The patented technology (commercialized as Total Channel Control™) is now being deployed in Australia�s largest irrigation district Goulburn Murray Water (GMW), consisting of 6800km of open irrigation canals servicing over 22,000 farms.
The objective for the open canal system is to deliver water on demand (in as much this may be feasible) with maximal overall efficiency meeting the competing demands.
We review the research work, including open questions, and discuss the WIN outcomes from a number of substantial pilot and commercial projects in Australia that have realized significant gains in either water efficiency or water productivity in irrigation. 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
Automorphism groups of curves 
Presenter: 
Michael Zieve, IAS 
Date: 
Tuesday, February 3, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 
Abstract: 
Hurwitz proved that a complex curve of genus g>1 has at most 84(g1) automorphisms. In case equality holds, the automorphism group has a quite special structure. However, in a qualitative sense, all finite groups G behave the same way: the least g>1 for which G acts on a genusg curve is on the order of (#G)*d(G), where d(G) is the minimal number of generators of G. I will present joint work with Bob Guralnick on the analogous question in positive characteristic. In this situation, certain special families of groups behave fundamentally differently from others. If we restrict to Gactions on curves with ordinary Jacobians, we obtain a precise description of the exceptional groups and curves. 


Discrete Mathematics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Hoi H. Nguyen, Rutgers University 
Date: 
Thursday, February 5, 2009, Time: 2:15 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 224 


Number Theory Seminar 
Topic: 
On the AndreOort conjecture 
Presenter: 
B. Klingler, IAS 
Date: 
Thursday, February 5, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 
Abstract: 
Let S be a Shimura variety and L a set of special points on S. Andre and Oort conjecture that any irreducible component of the Zarikiclosure of L is a subvariety of Hodge type of S. I will indicate a proof of this conjecture under GRH (this is joint work with A. Yafaev, relying on some work by UllmoYafaev). 


Topology Seminar 
Topic: 
A quadratic bound on the number of boundary slopes of essential surfaces 
Presenter: 
Tao Li, Boston College and Princeton University 
Date: 
Thursday, February 5, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 314 


Differential Geometry and Geometric Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
Ends of locally symmetric spaces 
Presenter: 
Jiaping Wang, University of Minnesota 
Date: 
Friday, February 6, 2009, Time: 3:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 314 
Abstract: 
We intend to explain joint work with Lizhen Ji and Peter Li on relating the size of the bottom spectrum to the number of ends for locally symmetric spaces. 


Differential Geometry and Geometric Analysis Seminar *** Please note special time 
Topic: 
Hyperdiscriminant polytopes, Chow Polytopes, and Kenergy asymptotics 
Presenter: 
Sean Paul, University of Wisconsin 
Date: 
Friday, February 6, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 314 
Abstract: 
Let (X,L) be a polarized algebraic manifold. I have recently proved that the Mabuchi energy of (X,L) is bounded from below along any degeneration if and only if the Hyperdiscriminant polytope contains the Chow polytope (with respect to the various Kodaira embeddings ). This completes the analysis initiated by Ding and Tian in their 1992 Inventiones paper "Kahler Einstein metrics and the Generalized Futaki Invariant", and therefore gives the final form to Tian's concept of Ksemistability. 


Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
The cubic fourth order Schrodinger equation 
Presenter: 
Benot Pausader, Brown University 
Date: 
Monday, February 9, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 110 
Abstract: 
We will discuss on which dimensions the cubic fourthorder Schrodinger equation is globally wellposed in the natural energy space. We will mainly concentrate on the case when the equation becomes energycritical. 


PACM Colloquium 
Topic: 
Stable Internet Routing Without Global Coordination 
Presenter: 
Jennifer Rexford, Computer Science, Princeton University 
Date: 
Monday, February 9, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 
Abstract: 
Global Internet connectivity results from a competitive cooperation of tens of thousands of independentlyadministered networks (called Autonomous Systems), each with their own preferences for how traffic should flow. The responsibility for reconciling these preferences falls to interdomain routing, realized today by the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). However, BGP allows ASes to express conflicting local policies that can lead to global routing instability. This talk proposes a set of guidelines for an AS to follow in setting its routing policies, without requiring coordination with other ASes. Our approach exploits the Internet's hierarchical structure and the commercial relationships between ASes to impose a partial order on the set of routes to each destination. The guidelines conform to conventional trafficengineering practices of ISPs, and provide each AS with significant flexibility in selecting its local policies. Furthermore, the guidelines ensure route convergence even under changes in the topology and routing policies. Drawing on a formal model of BGP, we prove that following our proposed policy guidelines guarantees route convergence. We also describe how our methodology can be applied to new types of relationships between ASes, how to verify the hierarchical AS relationships, and how to realize our policy guidelines. Our approach has significant practical value since it preserves the ability of each AS to apply complex local policies without divulging its BGP configurations to others. 


Ergodic Theory and Statistical Mechanics Seminar 
Topic: 
Limiting Distribution of Large Frobenius Numbers. 
Presenter: 
Yakov Sinai, Princeton University 
Date: 
Thursday, February 12, 2009, Time: 2:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 401 


Differential Geometry and Geometric Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Jacob Bernstein, MIT 
Date: 
Friday, February 13, 2009, Time: 3:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 314 


Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
Regularity of singular harmonic maps and axially symmetric stationary electrovacuum spacetimes 
Presenter: 
Luc Nguyen, Rutgers University 
Date: 
Monday, February 16, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 110 
Abstract: 
According to the ErnstGeroch reduction, to each axially symmetric stationary vacuum/electrovacuum spacetime, one can associate an axially symmetric harmonic map with singular boundary behavior. This idea has been exploited in the literature to construct asymptotically flat, axially symmetric stationary spacetimes with disconnected horizons, i.e. having multiple black holes. This family of spacetimes is uniquely parameterized by the “masses”, the “momenta”, the “charges” of the black holes and the “distances” between them. I’ll discuss the regularity of the corresponding reduced harmonic maps and its implication on the regularity of those spacetimes. 


PACM Colloquium 
Topic: 
Unusual Classical Ground States of Matter 
Presenter: 
Salvatore Torquato, Chemistry, PMI, PACM, and PCTP 
Date: 
Monday, February 16, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 
Abstract: 
A classical groundstate configuration of a system of interacting particles is one that minimizes the system potential energy. In the laboratory, such states are produced by slowly cooling a liquid to a temperature of absolute zero, and usually the ground states are crystal structures. However, our theoretical understanding of ground states is far from complete. For example, it is difficult to prove what are the ground states for realistic interactions. I discuss recent theoretical/computational methods that we have formulated to identify unusual crystal ground states as well as disordered ground state [1,2,3,4]. Although the latter possibility is counterintuitive, there is no fundamental reason why classical ground states cannot be aperiodic or disordered.
1) M. Rechtsman, F. H. Stillinger and S. Torquato, Synthetic Diamond and Wurtzite Structures SelfAssemble with Isotropic Pair Interactions , Physical Review E, vol. 75, 031403 (2007).
2) S. Torquato and F. H. Stillinger, "New Duality Relations for Classical Ground States," Physical Review Letters, vol. 100, 020602 (2008).
3) R. D. Batten, F. H. Stillinger and S. Torquato, "Classical Disordered Ground States: SuperIdeal Gases, and Stealth and EquiLuminous Materials," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 104, 033504, (2008).
4) A. Scardicchio, F. H. Stillinger and S. Torquato, "Estimates of the Optimal Density of Sphere Packings in High Dimensions, Journal of Mathematical Physics, vol. 49, 043301 (2008). 


Department Colloqium 
Topic: 
Mathematical Questions Arising from BoseEinstein Condensation 
Presenter: 
Israel Michael Sigal, University of Toronto and IAS 
Date: 
Wednesday, February 18, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 314 
Abstract: 
BoseEinstein condensation was predicted by Einstein in 1925 and was experimentally discovered 70 years later. This discovery was followed by a flurry of activity in the physics community with many new experiments and with attempts to construct a theory of the newly discovered state of matter. In this talk I will review some recent rigorous results in the subject and outline open problems. 


Discrete Mathematics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Avi Wigderson, Institute for Advanced Study 
Date: 
Thursday, February 19, 2009, Time: 2:15 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 224 


Differential Geometry and Geometric Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Tobias Lamm, University of British Columbia 
Date: 
Friday, February 20, 2009, Time: 3:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 314 


Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Irene Gamba, University of Texas at Austin 
Date: 
Monday, February 23, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 110 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Yichao Tian, IAS 
Date: 
Tuesday, February 24, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 


Discrete Mathematics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Joel Spencer, New York University 
Date: 
Thursday, February 26, 2009, Time: 2:15 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 224 


Ergodic Theory and Statistical Mechanics Seminar ***Please note special time 
Topic: 
Limit lognormal process, Selberg integral as Mellin transform, and intermittency differentiation. 
Presenter: 
Dmitry Ostrovsky 
Date: 
Thursday, February 26, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 401 
Abstract: 
The limit lognormal process is a multifractal stochastic process with the remarkable property that its positive integral moments are given by the celebrated Selberg integral. We will give an overview of the limit lognormal construction followed by a summary of our results on functional FeynmanKac equations and resulting intermittency expansions that govern its distribution. The talk will focus on the intermittency expansion for the Mellin transform. This expansion recovers Selberg’s formula for the positive integral moments and gives a novel product formula for the negative ones. By summing it in general using a moment constant method, we obtain an extension of Selberg’s finite product to the Mellin transform of a probability distribution in the form of an infinite product of ratios of gamma functions in the complex plane. This distribution is conjectured to be the limit lognormal distribution. 


Differential Geometry and Geometric Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Xianzhe Dai, UCSB 
Date: 
Friday, February 27, 2009, Time: 3:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 314 


MARCH 2009 


Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Matei Machedon, University of Maryland 
Date: 
Monday, March 2, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 110 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
Algebraic surfaces and hyperbolic geometry 
Presenter: 
Burt Totaro, Cambridge University 
Date: 
Tuesday, March 3, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 
Abstract: 
The intersection form on the group of line bundles on a complex algebraic surface always has signature (1,n) for some n. So the automorphism group of an algebraic surface always acts on hyperbolic nspace. For a class of surfaces including K3 surfaces and many rational surfaces, there is a close connection between the properties of the variety and the corresponding group acting on hyperbolic space. (In fancier terms: the MorrisonKawamata cone conjecture holds for klt CalabiYau pairs in dimension 2.) 


Ergodic Theory and Statistical Mechanics Seminar 
Topic: 
Hénon Renormalization 
Presenter: 
Marco Martens, State University of New York at Stony Brook 
Date: 
Thursday, March 5, 2009, Time: 2:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 401 
Abstract: 
The geometry of strongly dissipative infinite renormalizable Hénon maps of period doubling type is surprisingly different from its onedimensional counterpart. There are universal geometrical properties. However, the Cantor attractor is not geometrically rigid. Typically, it doesn't have bounded geometry. The average Jacobian is a topological invariant of the global attractor. Although the geometry of the Cantor attractor can be deformed by changing the average Jacobian, the geometry is universal in a distributional sense. 


Discrete Mathematics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Zeev Dvir, Institute for Advanced Study 
Date: 
Thursday, March 5, 2009, Time: 2:15 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 224 


PACM Colloquium 
Topic: 
Compressive Optical Imaging 
Presenter: 
Rebecca Willett, Electrical Engineering, Duke University 
Date: 
Monday, March 9, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 
Abstract: 
Recent work in the emerging field of compressed sensing indicates that, when feasible, judicious selection of the type of image transformation induced by imaging systems may dramatically improve our ability to perform reconstruction, even when the number of measurements is small relative to the size and resolution of the final image. The basic idea of compressed sensing is that when an image is very sparse (i.e. zerovalued at most locations) or highly compressible in some basis, relatively few incoherent observations suffice to reconstruct the most significant nonzero basis coefficients. These theoretical results have profound implications for the design of new imaging systems, particularly when physical and economical limitations require that these systems be as small, mechanically robust, and inexpensive as possible.
In this talk I will describe the primary theory underlying compressed sensing and discuss some of the key mathematical challenges associated with its application to practical imaging systems. In particular, I will explore several novel imaging system designs based on compressed sensing, including compressive coded aperture and hyperspectral imagers, and examine the interplay between compressed sensing theory and the practical physical constraints which must be considered to effectively exploit this theory. 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
Compactified Jacobians and Abel maps for singular curves 
Presenter: 
Eduardo Esteves, IMPA 
Date: 
Tuesday, March 10, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 
Abstract: 
We will discuss the problem of extending the construction of the classical Abel maps for smooth curves to the case of singular curves. The construction of degree1 Abel maps will be shown, together with an approach for constructing higher degree Abel maps. 


Ergodic Theory and Statistical Mechanics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Thomas Spencer, Institute for Advanced Study 
Date: 
Thursday, March 12, 2009, Time: 2:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 401 


Discrete Mathematics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Van Vu, Rutgers University 
Date: 
Thursday, March 12, 2009, Time: 2:15 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 224 


PACM Colloquium 
Topic: 
The Empirical Mode Decomposition: the method, its progress, and open questions 
Presenter: 
Zhaohua Wu, Department of Meteorology & Center for OceanAtmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University 
Date: 
Monday, March 23, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 
Abstract: 
The Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) was an empirical onedimensional data decomposition method invented by Dr. Norden Huang about ten years ago and has been used with great success in many fields of science and engineering. In this talk, I will introduce, from the perspective of a physical scientist, the thinking behind and the algorithm of EMD; and its most recent developments, especially the Ensemble EMD (EEMD), a noiseassisted data analysis method, and the multidimensional EMD based on EEMD. I will also outline some open questions that we currently do not have answers, or even clues to the answers, such as how to optimize EMD algorithm, what is the mathematical nature of EMD. To a significant degree, this is a talk intended for obtaining helps from mathematicians. 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Junecue Suh, MIT 
Date: 
Tuesday, March 24, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 


Ergodic Theory and Statistical Mechanics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Manfred Denker, Penn State University 
Date: 
Thursday, March 26, 2009, Time: 2:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 401 


Discrete Mathematics Seminar 
Topic: 
Avoiding small subgraphs in Achlioptas processes 
Presenter: 
PoShen Loh, Princeton University and UCLA 
Date: 
Thursday, March 26, 2009, Time: 2:15 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 224 
Abstract: 
Consider the following random process. At each round, one is presented with two random edges from the edge set of the complete graph on n vertices, and is asked to choose one of them. The selected edges are collected into a graph, which thus grows at the rate of one edge per round. This is known in the literature as an Achlioptas process, and has been studied by many researchers, mainly in the context of delaying or accelerating the appearance of the giant component.
In our work, we investigate the classical small subgraph problem for Achlioptas processes. That is, given a fixed graph H, we study whether there is a deterministic online algorithm that substantially delays or accelerates a typical appearance of H, compared to its threshold of appearance in the random graph G(n,M). It is easy to see that one cannot accelerate the appearance of any fixed graph by more than a factor of 2, so we concentrate on the task of avoiding H. We determine thresholds for the avoidance of all cycles C_t, cliques K_t, and complete bipartite graphs K_{t,t}.
Joint work with Michael Krivelevich and Benny Sudakov. 


PACM Colloquium 
Topic: 
On the interplay between coding theory and compressed sensing 
Presenter: 
Olgica Milenkovic, Electrical & Computer Engrg, University of Illinois  UrbanaChampaign 
Date: 
Monday, March 30, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 
Abstract: 
Compressed sensing (CS) is a signal processing technique that allows for accurate, polynomial time recovery of sparse datavectors based on a small number of linear measurements. In its most basic form, robust CS can be viewed as a specialized errorcontrol coding scheme in which the data alphabet does not necessarily have the structure of a finite field and where the notion of a “paritycheck” is replaced by a more general functionality. It is therefore possible to combine and extend classical CS and codingtheoretic paradigms in terms of introducing new minimum distance, reconstructions complexity, and quantization precision constraints. In this setting, we derive fundamental lower and upper bounds on the achievable compression rate for such constrained compressed sensing (CCS) schemes, and also demonstrate that sparse reconstruction in the presence of noise can be performed via lowcomplexity correlationmaximization algorithms that operate based on belief propagation iterations. Our problem analysis is motivated by a myriad of applications ranging from compressed sensing microarray designs, reliabilityreordering decoding of linear blockcodes, identification in multiuser communication systems, and fault tolerant computing. This is a joint work with Wei Dai and Vin Pham Hoa from the ECE Department at UIUC. 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Nicolas Templier, IAS 
Date: 
Tuesday, March 31, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 


APRIL 2009 


Ergodic Theory and Statistical Mechanics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Thierry Bodineau, Rutgers University 
Date: 
Thursday, April 2, 2009, Time: 2:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 401 


PACM Colloquium 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Shannon Hughes, PACM, Princeton University 
Date: 
Monday, April 6, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Jarod Alper, Columbia University 
Date: 
Tuesday, April 7, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 


Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Camillo De Lellis, Universitaet Zuerich 
Date: 
Monday, April 13, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 110 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Brian Osserman, UC Davis 
Date: 
Tuesday, April 14, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 


Discrete Mathematics Seminar 
Topic: 
Geometric selection theorems 
Presenter: 
Boris Bukh, Princeton University and UCLA 
Date: 
Thursday, April 16, 2009, Time: 2:15 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 224 
Abstract: 
In combinatorial geometry one frequently wants to select a point or a set of points that meets many simplices of a given family. The two examples are choosing a point in many simplices spanned by points of some P in R^d, and choosing a small set of points which meets the convex hull of every large subset of P (the weak epsilonnet problem). I will present a new class of constructions that yield the first nontrivial lower bound on the weak epsilonnet problem, and improve the best bounds for several other selection problems. Joint work with Jiří Matoušek and Gabriel Nivasch. 


PACM Colloquium 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Jennifer Chayes, Microsoft Corporation 
Date: 
Monday, April 20, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Bjorn Poonen, MIT 
Date: 
Tuesday, April 21, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 


Ergodic Theory and Statistical Mechanics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Michael Hochman, Princeton University 
Date: 
Thursday, April 23, 2009, Time: 2:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 401 


PACM Colloquium 
Topic: 
Stateoftheart Computer Simulations of Supernova Explosions 
Presenter: 
Adam Burrows, Astrophysics, Princeton University 
Date: 
Monday, April 27, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 214 
Abstract: 
To simulate supernova explosions, one must solve simultaneously the nonlinear, coupled partial differential equations of radiation hydrodynamics. What's more, due to a variety of instabilities and asymmetries, this must eventually be accomplished in 3D. The current stateoftheart is 2D, plus rotation and magnetic fields (assuming axisymmetry). Nevertheless, with the current suite of codes, we have been able to explore the evolution of the highdensity, hightemperature, highspeed environment at the core of a massive star at death. It is in this core that the supernova explosion is launched. However, the complexity of the problem has to date obscured the essential physics and mechanisms of the phenomenon, making it indeed one of the "Grand Challenges" of 21st century astrophysics. Requiring forefront numerical algorithms and massive computational resources, the resolution of this puzzle awaits the advent of peta and exascale architectures and the software to efficiently use them. In this talk, I will review the current state of the science and simulations as we plan for the fully 3D, multiphysics capabilities that promise credibly to crack open this obdurate astrophysical nut. 


Algebraic Geometry Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Chad Schoen, Duke University 
Date: 
Tuesday, April 28, 2009, Time: 4:30 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 322 


Ergodic Theory and Statistical Mechanics Seminar 
Topic: 
TBA 
Presenter: 
Mikhail Lyubich, State University of New York at Stony Brook 
Date: 
Thursday, April 30, 2009, Time: 2:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 401 


MAY 2009 


Analysis Seminar 
Topic: 
Stefan Problem with Surface Tension 
Presenter: 
Yan Guo, Brown University 
Date: 
Monday, May 4, 2009, Time: 4:00 p.m., Location: Fine Hall 110 



