Plurality with Runoff
We continue with the same table:
In order to calculate the winner under the plurality with runoff scheme, you must first restrict the field to the two candidates with the most first-place votes (using the methods described in the previous section). Then, give the remaining two candidates new rankings according to the following rule: if a voter preferred candidate A to candidate B, then give A rank 1 and B rank 2, and vice-versa. The winner is then the candidate with the most 1 votes in the runoff. For example, if the run-off were between Samuel Adams and Guinness (which is not the case in reality), then we would have the following run-off schedule:
43 voters prefer Samuel Adams while only 12 voters prefer Guinness. Therefore, Samuel Adams is winner of this (fictitious) runoff.
Note: if two candidates have the same number of first-place votes and are competing to be considered under the plurality with runoff scheme, check their number of second-place votes and eliminate the candidate with fewer second-place votes. (If the two candidates are also tied with number of second-place votes, then look at their third-place votes, etc.)
Using the plurality with runoff method, which beer would win under the above preference schedule? Do not forget to press "Enter".